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 Post subject: TwoWayStringBridge on a CSV Field for Hibernate Search 5.5.2
PostPosted: Thu Mar 10, 2016 12:35 am 

Joined: Sun Feb 21, 2016 3:15 pm
Posts: 5
hi, back again - i have been facing this issue again since the past 3 days - i have tried all ways - but the field conversion does not happen!

the requirement is that i have a csv field in my database of the type keywords that needs to be accessed and indexed as a keyword string each.
like clothes, clothing, fabric may be stored in the database in a single column - but they need to be accessed and indexed as each term that is 'clothes' | 'clothing' | 'fabric' are all separate.
hence, i am using list<string> as advised in some forums along with a twowaystringbridge to convert from csv-string to list and from list to csv-string.

   @Column(name="dhl_cs_product_keywords", nullable=false, length=1000)
   @Field(index=Index.YES, analyze=Analyze.YES, store=Store.NO, bridge=@FieldBridge(impl=DHLCSKeywordFieldBridge.class))
     // is it a bird, is it a plane - it is fieldbridge! - solution for csv fields in hibernate search/lucene
    public List<String> getDhlCsItemKeywords() {
        return this.dhlCsItemKeywords;

and this is the implementation of the field bridge

public class DHLCSKeywordFieldBridge implements TwoWayStringBridge {

   public String objectToString(Object value)
      if ( value == null ) {
         return null;
      // set is mandatory
      if ( !( value instanceof Collection ) ) {
         throw new IllegalArgumentException( "This FieldBridge only supports Collections (List)." );
      List<String> objects = (List <String>) value;   
      StringBuffer buf = new StringBuffer();
      if (value != null) {
         Collection<?> col = (Collection<?>) value;
         Iterator<?> it = col.iterator();
         // convert to csv
         while (it.hasNext()) {
            String next = it.next().toString();
            if (it.hasNext())
               buf.append(", ");
      // simply a string representation
      return buf.toString();

   public List<String> stringToObject(String arg0) {

      List<String> keywords = new ArrayList<String>();
      // string to list - no null checks or bounds
      StringTokenizer sTokenizer = new StringTokenizer(arg0, ",");
      while(sTokenizer.hasMoreTokens()) {
      return keywords;

is this the right usage of a two way string bridge? i am getting the following error on simply hibernate initialization inside weblogic 12c.
org.hibernate.MappingException: Could not determine type for: java.util.List, at table: dhl_cs_classification, for columns: [org.hibernate.mapping.Column(dhl_cs_product_keywords)]
        at org.hibernate.mapping.SimpleValue.getType(SimpleValue.java:396)
        at org.hibernate.mapping.SimpleValue.isValid(SimpleValue.java:369)
        at org.hibernate.mapping.Property.isValid(Property.java:225)
        at org.hibernate.mapping.PersistentClass.validate(PersistentClass.java:529)
        at org.hibernate.mapping.RootClass.validate(RootClass.java:265)
        at org.hibernate.boot.internal.MetadataImpl.validate(MetadataImpl.java:329)
        at org.hibernate.boot.internal.SessionFactoryBuilderImpl.build(SessionFactoryBuilderImpl.java:443)
        at org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration.buildSessionFactory(Configuration.java:708)
        at org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration.buildSessionFactory(Configuration.java:724)
        at com.aptean.dhl.cs.persistence.configuration.DHLCSPersistenceConfiguration.<clinit>(DHLCSPersistenceConfiguration.java:34)
        at com.aptean.dhl.cs.search.impl.DHLCSSearchImpl.<clinit>(DHLCSSearchImpl.java:49)
        at com.aptean.dhl.cs.service.impl.DHLCSServiceImpl.getAllKeywords(DHLCSServiceImpl.java:65)
        at com.aptean.dhl.cs.ws.DHLCSWebServiceImpl.getAllKeywords(DHLCSWebServiceImpl.java:78)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
        at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:497)
        at org.apache.cxf.service.invoker.AbstractInvoker.performInvocation(AbstractInvoker.java:180)
        at org.apache.cxf.service.invoker.AbstractInvoker.invoke(AbstractInvoker.java:96)
        at org.apache.cxf.jaxws.AbstractJAXWSMethodInvoker.invoke(AbstractJAXWSMethodInvoker.java:178)
        at org.apache.cxf.jaxws.JAXWSMethodInvoker.invoke(JAXWSMethodInvoker.java:68)
        at org.apache.cxf.service.invoker.AbstractInvoker.invoke(AbstractInvoker.java:75)
        at org.apache.cxf.interceptor.ServiceInvokerInterceptor$1.run(ServiceInvokerInterceptor.java:58)
        at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511)
        at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266)
        at org.apache.cxf.workqueue.SynchronousExecutor.execute(SynchronousExecutor.java:37)
        at org.apache.cxf.interceptor.ServiceInvokerInterceptor.handleMessage(ServiceInvokerInterceptor.java:107)
        at org.apache.cxf.phase.PhaseInterceptorChain.doIntercept(PhaseInterceptorChain.java:271)
        at org.apache.cxf.transport.ChainInitiationObserver.onMessage(ChainInitiationObserver.java:121)
        at org.apache.cxf.transport.http_jetty.JettyHTTPDestination.serviceRequest(JettyHTTPDestination.java:355)
        at org.apache.cxf.transport.http_jetty.JettyHTTPDestination.doService(JettyHTTPDestination.java:319)
        at org.apache.cxf.transport.http_jetty.JettyHTTPHandler.handle(JettyHTTPHandler.java:72)
        at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler.doHandle(ContextHandler.java:1074)
        at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler.doScope(ContextHandler.java:1010)
        at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ScopedHandler.handle(ScopedHandler.java:135)
        at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandlerCollection.handle(ContextHandlerCollection.java:255)
        at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.HandlerWrapper.handle(HandlerWrapper.java:116)

 Post subject: Re: TwoWayStringBridge on a CSV Field for Hibernate Search 5.5.2
PostPosted: Tue Mar 29, 2016 4:38 am 
Hibernate Team
Hibernate Team

Joined: Sat Jan 24, 2009 12:46 pm
Posts: 388
The error you see is a mapping error from Hibernate ORM, you first need to properly map the List<String> by terms of JPA. Add @ElementCollection for that purpose (which will cause creating of a mapping table for storing all the keywords of an entity).

Regarding field bridges, check out section in the reference guide: https://docs.jboss.org/hibernate/search ... om-bridges. Your implementation could roughly look like so:

public class KeywordListFieldBridge implements FieldBridge {

    public void set(String name, Object value, Document document,
                    LuceneOptions luceneOptions) {
        List<String> keywords = (List<String>) value;

        for(String keyword : keywords) {
            luceneOptions.addFieldToDocument(name, keyword, document);

This bridge will add a multi-valued field with name <name> to the index, with one element per keyword contained in the list.


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